Ship Recycling is the process of dismantling a vessel’s structure for scrapping or disposal whether conducted at a beach, pier, dry dock or dismantling slip. It includes a wide range of activities, from removing all gear and equipment to cutting down and recycling the ship’s infrastructure.
Old ships that are no longer capable of plying or those that have such high maintenance costs that it is more economical to scrap them are usually sold to ship-recyclers. These vessels incur expenses such as port charges, crew salaries and oil consumption cost. Thus they become a burden to the shipping companies. And the only safe and economic way of getting rid of such vessels is a systematic recycling. Thus the need of reducing unnecessary ship-traffic in a safe and economic way gave birth to the massive industry called ship-recycling.
The Ship Recycling Yard at Alang located near Bhavnagar in Gujarat State on the western coast of Gulf of Cambay is considered to be the largest ship recycling yard in the world.
The unique geographical features of the area including a high tidal range, wide continental shelf, 15 degree slope, and a mud free coast, are ideal for any size ships to be beached easily during high tide.